Myanmar is a land of richness of nature and diversity of species. It is endowed with one of the largest forest covers in the region. More than half of the country is still covered with forests. The land area of Myanmar has a variety of natural resources, plants and animals. There are over 7000 plants, about 1100 bird species, 300 mammals and 350 reptiles. The richness of biodiversity makes Myanmar ideal for ecotourism.
Myanmar has a rapidly expending protected area system.
Wildlife sanctuaries are lands preserved and protected from human activity that may disturb the wildlife.
There are more than 20 wildlife sanctuaries.
The natural forests of Myanmar provide substantial opportunities for ecotourism development. The MeinmahlaKyun Wildlife Sanctuary in the Ayeyarwaddy Delta, the Hlawga Park near Yangon, the Moeyungyi Wet- lands Wildlife Sanctuary near Bago, the Seinyay Forest Resort| on the strategic road across Bago Yoma teak forests, the Popa Mountain Park and the Shwe-set-taw Wildlife Sanctuary in the Central Myanmar. The Pyin-Oo-lwin Botanical Gardens, the Alaungtaw Kathapa National Park in Upper Myanmar and the Inle Lake Wetlands Wildlife Sanctuary on the Shan Plateau of Eastern Myanmar are among those with outstanding ecotourism potential.
The Inn-Daw Gyi Wetlands Wildlife Sanctuary in northern Myanmar and the Natmataung (Mt. Victoria) National Park on the north-west Chin Hills are also of high potential for ecotourism and are now being developed. The Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary in Upper Myanmar is also the protected area where development activities for ecotourism are being made. Moreover, the Khakarborazi National I Park in the far north constitutes an attractive environment with snow-capped mountains and sub-alpine forests and opportunities for mountaineering and outdoor recreation. Most striking upgrading have recently been made at Pyin-Oo-Lwin Botanical Gardens, Popa Mountain Park and Moeyungyi Wetlands Wildlife Sanctuary, to promote ecotourism, public recreation,
Mt.Victoria is unique in the natural environment of Myanmar. The Chin Hills have never been opened to tourists; hence, they are unspoiled and are full of natural beauty, including high mountains with various kinds of forests which are rich with flora and fauna.The most well known flower of the region is Rhado- Dendron arboretum. The Chin Hill are notable for Nat Ma Taung , in Kan-pet-lett Township, rising to a height of 3,055 meters above sea level.
Among the people of Chin Hills are the "Tattoo faced" Chin women and "Naga" who are native of Chin States. They live along the long range of Chin Hills from North to South.The Chin State is notable for numbers of rare birds and endemic birds spices. The National Park is believed to be one of the largest and best reserved natural habitats remaining with Chin State.Chin State day is on February 20th. On that day, tribal people living around the capital of Northern Chin State" Mindut " came to celebrated their " National Day " every year.
Moeyungyi Wetlands are situated in Bago Division, about 70 miles north of Yangon-Mandalay highway. It is just two hours drive from Yangon. In 1878 a water storage reservoir changed naturally into Wetlands over the area of 40 sq. miles. These wetlands have high wetland conservation value. As a result, these wetlands were turned into a wildlife sanctuary since 1988.
Every year, millions of birds usually fly from northern hemisphere to the South along the East Asian-Australian Flyway to escape from winter. They stop to rest and feed in Asia. Moeyungyi is part of a network of Wetland comprising the East Asian-Australian Flyway. A recent study revealed that there are 125 species of water birds including 70 species of migrants, in Moeyungyi. The best season to visit is from November to March. In addition to bird watching, you can observe the fauna and flora of the wetlands and the colorful lifestyle of the native people.
The park is located in Kyaukpadaung township of Mandalay division. It is only 67 km from 11th century Buddhist archaeological site of Bagan. The park covers 49.63 square miles area.
It s area of over 340 acres which includes natural forests, lakes and recreational lawns plus alluring landscapes and scenic views. One can enjoy the beauty of fountains, cascades and seasonal flowers throughout the whole year.
Elephant trekking is a popular holiday and recreational activity around the world.
In Myanmar, we have six place where elephant trekking facilities are available for tourists as well as for the Myanmar people.
Four of these places are listed below:
Myaing-hay-wun Elephant Research Camp.
Hu-kaung Valley Wild Life Sanctuary in Kachin State
Alaung-daw Kathapa National Park, and in Sagaing division
Sein Ye in Campin Oaktwin township of Bago division, are accessible for tourists.
Elephant trekking in Wild Life Sanctuaries and National Park has been carried out with the cooperation of private tour companies.
Myaing Hay Wun Elephant Research Camp sites on 10 acres only and 72 miles from downtown Yangon in Taik Kyi Township of Yangon Division.There are 32 domesticated elephants in the camp, and about 200 feral elephants are in the wild around the camp.
Myaing Hay Wun Elephant Research Camp gives three services;
Elephant entertainment and
The region surrounding the town of Putao – located in northern Myanmar’s Kachin State – is an undeniable showcase of this diversity. Putao itself is flat and contains no big trees, but it is becoming increasingly famous as a jumping-off point for trekkers who want to explore the region’s deep forests and snow-capped mountains, including the 5889-metre-high Mount Khakaborazi, the highest in Southeast Asia.
Snow begins falling on the mountain peak by the end of October, but precipitation that falls at night or in the morning usually melts away by the afternoon. By mid-November temperatures have dropped enough that the snow stays around longer and begins blanketing Putao itself.
Lampi is one of the islands of Myeik Archipelago. The length of the island is about 50 km and the average width about 11 km, with the land surface area around 205 km. The distance to Lampi by sea from Myeik is 145 km. Lampi Marine Park has great potential for both marine and land based ecotourism. The sea trip from Kawthaung, through the beautiful islands of the Archipelago is of great interest. Great care is being to preserve one of the last untouched tropical under water paradises, which is attracting attention as the world class diving destination.